What Are Black Garden Ants? ( Detailed Guide 2023 )

What Are Black Garden Ants?

The black garden ants are known as common black ants and belong to the formicine ant family. The ants are readily seen in different parts of Australia, North America, Asia, and South America. Not to forget, they are extremely widespread in Europe. Black garden ants will have various queens in the colony, but thousands of worker ants tend to live for around four years.

The queen’s black garden ant has a shiny black appearance with a 9mm length, and there are brown stripes on the abdomen. When queen ants mate, they remove their wings and digest them as food for winter. On the other hand, the worker ants are 3mm to 5mm long, and their appearance is dark black and glossy. When the colony starts aging, the worker ants will increase in count.

Black garden ants are highly likely to make underground nests, generally under the stones but can also be seen under the roots and in rotten wood logs. As long as their food consumption is concerned, black garden ants consume nectar and smaller insects, such as aphids, beetles, and cockroaches. In addition, they consume fruits which is why they can be seen on fruit plants and trees.

Why Do Black Garden Ants Cluster Up In Your Home?

The black garden ants are known to nest in lawns and soil or the base of the home’s walls. In some cases, they are also found under flat stones. These are social insects which is why they live in colonies, which include wingless and sterile females. As far as your home is concerned, these ants look for sweet food, which means they come into the home looking for sweet food items.

For the most part, they reside in your yards, lawns, and patio, but if they don’t have food, they will enter your home in search of food. In addition, when they find food, they lay down a scent trail which makes other worker ants follow the trail and infest your home in larger colonies.

How To Get Rid Of Black Garden Ants?

To begin with, you can use baits to kill black garden ants. The ant baits are designed to allow the ants to eat the formula and carry it back to the underground nest. It will ensure that the entire black garden ant will be killed off. You can opt for gel ant baits as they are suitable for indoor as well as outdoor places without making any mess. It is suggested to place the ant baits near the trails. It will ensure that ants don’t find other food sources. Also, make sure that there are no additional food sources around the bait, so ants only consume the bait.

The second option is using sprays. There is an extensive range of insecticide sprays available that work as indoor as well as outdoor killing solutions. The best thing about insecticide sprays is that they work as spot treatments and can be used to target black garden ants in baseboards, cracks, voids, and crevices. The majority of these sprays can kill various ants, including black garden ants and crawling pests. However, keep in mind that sprays aren’t a long-term solution, but they can be used for curbing the population. In simpler words, regular use of sprays will be much better.

Black Garden Ants

Lastly, you can utilize the dust as they are known to kill black garden ants upon contact. With dust products, you can puff it into the voids or wherever you are suspecting a colony or nest. It’s suggested to use dust for at least a week to get the best outcome.

Once you have already gotten rid of black garden ants, some preventive measures will ensure the colony doesn’t build up again. In the section below, we are sharing some preventive measures;

  • Make sure the sink is clean, and there are no dirty dishes
  • Make sure the trashes is regularly dumped and is sealed
  • Keep your house clean with regular sweeping, vacuuming, and mopping
  • If there are holes, gaps, and cracks in some places, you must caulk them and seal them close
  • In the case of outdoor spaces, you must remove debris and firewood
  • If you have landscaping in the outdoor space, make sure it’s not more than two inches
  • Regularly mow the lawn and trees are properly trimmed
  • The trees and plants must be regularly treated to get rid of aphids

Where Do Black Garden Ants Come From?

The black garden ants are native to Europe but can also be found in different parts of South America, North America, Australia, and Asia. In addition, they enter homes when they are in search of sugary food. These ants are most prevalent in the summer months and venture into indoor conditions when they need food. As far as food is concerned, they come in search of greasy and sweet food items.

Will Black Garden Ants Bite Me?

Yes, black garden ants bite, and their sting is too powerful. When these ants are threatened, they will bite, and it will be too painful. That’s because their jaws have evolved to cut through tough surfaces, such as wood, which means they can dig deeper into the skin. In addition, when they bite, they leave a bit of formic acid to create a burning sensation around the bitten area.

Are Black Garden Ants Destructive?

Yes, black garden ants are destructive, but to wooden structures only. This is because they can bite through wooden structures and create a damaged appearance. For this reason, you need to clear the trees and plants to ensure their growth isn’t affected.

Do Black Garden Ants Get Attracted To Water?

Yes, black garden ants get attracted to water as well as a damp wooden structure. In addition, they will find their way into your home in search of water, which means leaking pipes and water pools must be dried up.

How To Get Rid Of Black Garden Ant Bites?

If a black garden ant has bitten you, it is important to wash the area with mild soap and use a cold compress for ten to twenty minutes. As a result, the pain and swelling will reduce. On the top, you can also apply a soothing lotion to relieve pain and itching.