The Guide To Black Bed Bugs – Identification & Killing

What Are Black Bed Bugs?

The black bed bugs are small insects from the Cimex genus and are known to feed on human blood. For the most part, they become active at night, and their bites can lead to skin rashes, allergic reactions, and psychological effects. In addition, their bites can result in skin changes, ranging from red specks to big blisters. The symptoms of black bed bug bites can take minutes or days, depending on the intensity of the bite.

In some cases, people also struggle with fever and feel lethargic. In the majority of cases, black bed bugs will impact the uncovered area, but they won’t transmit infectious illnesses. However, some severe complications include dead skin areas. The black bed bugs are sized from 1mm to 7mm and tend to spread by crawling around the locations or also carried around in personal items. As far as the infestation is concerned, it’s low likely to be because of hygiene issues.

When it comes down to the diagnosis of black bed bugs, it includes the finding of bugs and the appearance of symptoms. The black bed bugs are popular for hiding in the dark and hidden corners of the home, including wall cracks and mattress seams. As far as the treatment is concerned, it is designed according to the symptoms, but removing them can be quite challenging. This is primarily because black bed bugs can survive seventy days without eating and feeding.

Black Bed Bugs

How to Get Rid of Black Bed Bugs

For this reason, it is suggested that you opt for repeated treatments, including heating the room at 122 degrees Fahrenheit for over 90 minutes, using high temperatures for washing clothes, regular vacuuming, and regular utilization of different pesticides. In case you are thinking about the geographical region, black bed bugs can be found in nearly every part of the world. However, they became more common after the 1990s because of frequent traveling and furniture exchange.

Black bed bugs are known for their blood-sucking capabilities because they have mouthparts for seeping through the skin and injecting saliva. Depending on human sensitivity, the symptoms will vary, ranging from allergic reactions to slight irritation. It will result in swelling for the most part, but red spots are the most common occurrence. The black bed bugs are known to prefer exposed skin, including arms, neck, and face.

These bugs get attracted to the hosts through carbon dioxide and warmth. For this reason, they will direct toward humans due to the human odor. In case you are contemplating the appearance, black bed bugs are extremely reddish-brown, hence the name. During the daytime, they will hide in mattress seams, bed frames, box springs, and headboards. In addition, they can take refuge in the crevices and cracks of furniture, walls, and floor. However, they will come out at night and only crawl (no jumping or flying).

Why Do Black Bed Bugs Cluster Up In Your Home?

There are different reasons why black bed bugs would cluster up in your home. To begin with, they might travel from the infested area as well as from the used furniture. In addition, they have the capacity of hitching a ride in backpacks, luggage, and purses along with upholstered and soft surfaces. The black bed bugs will travel between the rooms of multi-unit buildings, including hotels and apartment buildings. It will be easy to identify the bed bugs since they shed skin, and droppings will be dropped on the mattress. Not to forget, you might also see blood stains on your mattress and sheet.

In case you are thinking that infestation is caused by ineffective hygiene, that’s hardly the case. This is because they transfer to new locations through personal items. For instance, if your purchase an infested furniture piece, such as a couch, bed, or clothing, it could lead to a black bed bug infestation in your home. In addition, they have the capacity of traveling through false ceilings and ducts, while it’s also possible that you slept on an infested mattress (common in hotels) and brought it home.

How To Get Rid Of Black Bed Bugs?

There are different ways to get rid of the black bed bugs, including;

Home Cleaning

To begin with, you should remove the bugs without any chemicals. This is because they can be easily killed when exposed to high heat. For this reason, you could try heating the room at 122 degrees Fahrenheit for over an hour (just turn up the thermostat). In addition, you can clean and wash clothes and bedding for thirty minutes in hot water. After washing, you need to dry everything at the highest possible setting for half an hour.

The second option is using the steamer on couches and mattresses because its high heat will kill the bugs. If you have caught a hot day, you can pack the infested clothing and bedding in an open container and put them in sunlight, and the bugs will crawl out. The most intriguing point is that you can kill the bugs by exposing them to a low temperature of -17 degrees Celsius.

Chemical-Based Cleaning

If the home cleaning methods don’t work, you can also use chemical-based cleaning production. To begin with, you should use EPA-registered cleaning products because they do a better job of killing bugs. For the most part, you can use pyrethroids and pyrethrins as they are most commonly used for killing bed bugs. In addition to this, you can also use pyrroles because it does a better job by disrupting their cell structure.

Neonicotinoids are another option – it’s the man-made nicotine that attacks the nervous system of the bug and is a perfect option for bugs that show resistance to other insecticides and pesticides. Last but not least, you can opt for desiccants because they attack the exterior bug coating, so the bugs dry down and die (CimeXa and Tri-Die are the common options). Not to forget, you can always try bug bombs if they are visible on the mattresses.

Now that we have shared what can be done to kill the black bed bugs, you need to use the following preventive measures to ensure they don’t infest the spaces again, including;

  • Make sure there is no clutter in the home, which also includes clearing up the clothes, magazines, and papers
  • Make sure that the bedbug cover is used to cover the mattress and zip it up properly to ensure the bed bugs don’t find a way in
  • Make sure that the curtains, carpets, furniture, and bedding are regularly washed and vacuumed
  • Ensure that the baseboards, electrical outlets, and sockets are closed up
  • Whenever you are traveling and staying at hotels, don’t forget to check the rooms and bedding for bugs, so you don’t bring them home with you

Where Do Black Bed Bugs Come From?

Black bed bugs can be found in every part of the world, and they are not restricted to any specific geographical location. On the other hand, they tend to come from infested areas and used bedding and furniture. For instance, they can hitch the ride in purses, luggage, and backpacks (they prefer upholstered and soft surfaces). In addition, they can travel between different rooms of hotels and apartment buildings.

Will Black Bed Bugs Sting Or Bite Me?

The black bed bugs bite, and they can bite every possible part of the body. However, they are more likely to bite the exposed parts of the skin, such as hands, arms, neck, and face, and will bite when you are sleeping. In some cases, their bites can develop blisters that are filled with fluids.

How Bad Is The Sting Or Bite Of A Black Bed Bug?

For the most part, the bites are not the same for everyone. That’s to say because some people might not feel it while some struggle with serious allergies. People who are allergic are most vulnerable to bites. On the other hand, some people develop blisters, while some only have red spots that heal on their own.

Are Black Bed Bugs Destructive?

They are not destructive to furniture, upholstery, and bedding, but they can cause allergic reactions in humans. For this reason, they are destructive to one’s health rather than the materials.

Do Black Bed Bugs Get Attracted To Water?

They don’t generally need water because they feed on human blood. However, when put into water, they can submerge in water for over twenty-four hours and survive. In addition, they can float on water surfaces, given their small size.

How To Get Rid Of Black Bed Bug Bites?

To begin with, you need to wash with clear water when a bed bug bites you. You can also apply calamine lotion or cold compress to reduce swelling and itching. In case of allergic reactions or blisters, it’s best to get yourself checked by a doctor.

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